One of the most severe health consequences that you experience after a car crash is swelling of the brain which can turn into a disease if not treated promptly.  Brain swelling after a car accident can be a symptom of serious trauma which can have an adverse impact on your life. 

When the brain experiences trauma, it may respond by swelling or accumulating fluid. Swelling in the brain is a sign of a serious medical condition that can lead to increased pressure within the skull, potentially causing further damage and complications. Therefore, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. 

Brain swelling, also known as cerebral edema, can occur as a result of a severe head injury sustained due to someone else’s negligence in a car accident. In such a scenario when the injury is caused due to someone else’s fault, you may take the help of an injury lawyer. They may give you legal advice on whether you have a viable case to pursue compensation for your injuries or not. They have the knowledge and expertise to file a lawsuit if you have been injured due to the negligence of someone else and negotiate with the insurance companies.

Common Causes Of Brain Swelling

Swelling of the brain disease, also known as cerebral edema, can occur after a car accident due to various factors. Some common causes of head swelling are as follows:

  • Traumatic Brain Swelling: A significant impact or force to the head during a car accident can cause a traumatic brain injury, leading to swelling in the head. This can result from a direct blow to the head, rapid acceleration-deceleration movements (whiplash), or penetration of the skull by objects.
  • Brain Bleed: A brain bleed from a car accident is sometimes known as intracranial hemorrhage. When blood accumulates within the brain tissue or the surrounding spaces, it can lead to increased pressure and subsequent brain swelling.
  • Inflammation: The body’s immune response to injury can trigger an inflammatory reaction in the brain. Inflammation contributes to increased fluid accumulation and swelling within the brain tissue.
  • Oxygen Deprivation: In severe car accidents, the brain may experience reduced blood flow or oxygen deprivation, known as hypoxia or anoxia. This lack of oxygen can result in cell damage and subsequent swelling of the brain.
  • Cerebral Contusion: A cerebral contusion is a bruise or damage to the brain tissue caused by a direct impact during a car accident. The swelling associated with contusions can contribute to increased pressure within the brain.

Symptoms Of Head Trauma

Head swelling symptoms can vary depending on the severity and location of the swelling. Common symptoms include:

  • Persistent and severe headache that may worsen over time.
  • Persistent nausea and vomiting, sometimes without relief.
  • Uncontrolled muscle movements or convulsions known as seizures
  • Dizziness and Balance Issues
  • Changes in Vision
  • Changes in Behavior or Mood
  • Weakness or Numbness
  • Difficulty Speaking or Understanding
  • Decreased Level of Consciousness

Types Of Head Ijuries From Car Accidents

Several types of brain trauma injuries can occur as a result of car accidents. Some are as follows:

  • Concussion: A brain swelling from a concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by a blow or jolt to the head.
  • Contusion: A contusion is a bruise on the brain caused by a direct impact on the head. It can lead to localized brain tissue damage, swelling, and potential cognitive and neurological impairments.
  • Diffuse Axonal Injury (DAI): DAI is a severe brain injury that occurs when the brain rapidly shifts inside the skull, causing stretching and tearing of nerve fibers 
  • Penetrating Injury: A penetrating injury occurs when an object penetrates the skull and enters the brain. 
  • Hemorrhage: Brain hemorrhage from car accidents refers to bleeding in the brain. Car accidents can cause intracranial hemorrhages such as subdural hematomas (bleeding between the brain and the skull) or epidural hematomas (bleeding between the outer layer of the brain and the skull). 

How Serious Is Brain Swelling?

The severity of brain swelling can vary depending on factors such as the underlying cause, extent of swelling, and individual circumstances. Severe brain swelling can lead to increased pressure within the skull, potentially causing life-threatening complications. 

It can impair brain function, leading to cognitive deficits, physical disabilities, and emotional changes. The risk of secondary injuries, such as further damage to brain tissue or blood vessel rupture, is also elevated. Long-term consequences may occur due to brain bleeding from car accidents or brain hemorrhage from car accidents, including ongoing medical care and rehabilitation.

Seek Out Legal Counsel If You Have Suffered From Brain Swelling After Car Crash

If you are experiencing brain swelling after a car accident, contacting an experienced car accident lawyer is crucial. They can help protect your legal rights, navigate insurance claims, and pursue compensation for any damages or injuries you have sustained. 

Moreover, they can provide the guidance and support needed to navigate the legal aspects while you focus on your recovery.

FAQs On Brain Swelling After Car Accident

The victim must apply something cold to the head injury and their pain will be reduced if they apply for at least 20 minutes. Sometimes, a victim may experience a blow to the head which can shake their brain and skull inside. It may lead to more severe head injuries that can make them drowsy or sick.
Headaches on the left side of the head are mainly caused when the head experiences direct blows and due to other mild injuries. It may also lead to tooth infections, ear infections, or even migraines. Some other symptoms that an individual may experience are nausea, fever, and local swelling.
In such scenarios, facial muscles may work immediately after the injury. However, they may become weak after hours or even days and swelling will develop. The damage to the facial nerve may be identified by Computerized tomography (CT scan) of the brain or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain.
If the accident victim has sought prompt medical attention, the symptoms may be dealt with quickly and they can recover. However, if they have experienced raised intracranial pressure, it is a sign that the brain injury is severe. Even consulting a neurosurgeon may help treat brain swelling.